On November 5, 2020, Democrat Joe Biden announced that immediately after his victory in the US presidential election, the United States would re-integrate the 2015 Paris Agreement, that his country officially left on November 4.
After his official victory, Joe Biden must write to the United Nations on November 20 so that Washington renews the agreement and according to the texts, thirty days later, on February 19, 2021, the United States would officially join the Paris agreement.
As a reminder, former President Donald Trump declared his country withdrawing from the agreement in June 2017.
Paris Agreement and the Challenge: US vs. China
China, the world’s biggest polluter, is responsible for around 25% of global greenhouse gas emissions. On September 22, 2020, during a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that his country wanted to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. After almost thirty years of climate negotiations, the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases is finally committing to climate targets.
China’s challenge to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 is huge but it is already on the right track; it installs the equivalent of a soccer field of solar panels to produce green electricity every week.
The must-see China reached 23.46 trillion dollars of GDP in 2019 compared to 21.374 for the United States.
But as long as coal-fired power plants provide 58% of the country’s electricity, how the goal of neutrality could be achieved remains a puzzling question.
Joe Biden’s challenge for restoring climate policies
The challenge of the new President of the United States is not easy; he will have to restore every pro-climate regulation that Trump abandoned. To do so, Biden would have to fight for a democratic majority in the Senate in January 2021, otherwise all promises would be abandoned.